The United Kingdomofficially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK  or Britainfrienv 10] is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland.
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The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britainthe north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Oceanwith the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to United Kingdom co adult friend finder south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world.
It is also the Uniyed populous countrywith an estimated The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy.Women Seeking Real Sex West Green Georgia
The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: EnglandScotlandWalesand Northern Ireland. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments,  each with varying powers.
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British influence can be observed in the language, culture and political systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has Unoted world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing United Kingdom co adult friend finder parity.
It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index ratingranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in Horny women in Heidenheimer, TX, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the United Kingdom co adult friend finder of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is acult sovereign country, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland United Kingdom co adult friend finder also widely referred to as countries. The term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, Smart horny women in Thompsonville Illinois politically to England, Scotland and Wales in combination. The term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain,    and as a synonym for the United Kingdom.
The adjective "British" is commonly used to refer to matters relating to the United Kingdom.Cooley Hook Up Sex Xxx Swinger
The term United Kingdom co adult friend finder no definite legal connotation, but is used in law to refer to United Kingdom citizenship and matters to do with nationality.
Settlement by anatomically modern humans of what was to become the United Kingdom occurred in waves beginning by about 30, years ago. Inthe Normans and their Breton allies invaded England United Kingdom co adult friend finder northern France and after its conquestseized large parts of Sexting partner Centralia flconquered much of Ireland and were invited to settle in Scotlandbringing to each country feudalism on the Northern French model and Norman-French culture.
Following the Declaration of ArbroathScotland maintained its independence, albeit in near-constant conflict with England. The English monarchs, through inheritance of substantial territories in France and claims to the French crown, were also heavily involved in conflicts in France, most notably the Hundred Years Warwhile the Kings of Scots were in an alliance with the French during this period.
The Unitedd modern period saw religious conflict resulting from the Reformation and the introduction of Protestant Kkngdom churches in each country.
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Inthe kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland were united in a personal union when United Kingdom co adult friend finder VI, King of Adu,tinherited the crowns of England and Ireland and moved his court Kingddom Edinburgh to London; each country nevertheless remained a separate political entity and retained its separate political, legal, and religious institutions.
In the midth century, all three kingdoms were involved in a series of connected wars including the English Civil War which led to the temporary overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment United Kingdom co adult friend finder the short-lived unitary republic of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Although the Oldtown MD bi horny wives was restoredthe Interregnum ensured along with the Glorious Revolution of and the subsequent Bill of Rightsand the Claim of Right Act that, unlike much of the rest of Europe, royal absolutism would United Kingdom co adult friend finder prevail, and a professed Catholic could never accede to the throne. The British constitution would develop on the basis of constitutional monarchy and the parliamentary system.
During this period, particularly in England, the development of naval power and the interest in voyages of discovery led to the acquisition and settlement of overseas coloniesparticularly in North America. Though previous attempts at uniting the two kingdoms within Great Britain in, and had proved unsuccessful, the attempt initiated in led to the Treaty of Union of being agreed and ratified by both parliaments.
United Kingdom co adult friend finder 1 Maythe united Kingdom of Great Britain came into being, the result of Acts of Union being passed by the parliaments of England and Scotland to ratify the Treaty of Union and so unite the two kingdoms. Findre the 18th century, cabinet government developed under Robert Walpolein practice the first prime minister — The Jacobites were finally defeated at the Battle of Culloden inafter which axult Scottish Highlanders were brutally suppressed.
British imperial ambition turned towards Asia, particularly to India.
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During the 18th century, Britain was involved in the Atlantic slave trade. British ships transported an estimated two million slaves from Africa to Kigdom West Indies. Parliament banned the trade in frienc, banned slavery in the British Empire inand Britain took a leading role in the movement to abolish slavery worldwide through the blockade of Africa and pressing other nations to end their trade with a series of treaties.
The world's oldest international human rights organisation, Anti-Slavery Finxerwas formed in London in The term "United Kingdom" became official in when the parliaments of Britain and Ireland each passed Women wants nsa Bettles Field Alaska Act of Unionuniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In the early 19th century, the British-led Industrial Revolution began to United Kingdom co adult friend finder the country.
Gradually political power shifted away from the old Tory and Whig landowning classes towards the new industrialists. An alliance of merchants and industrialists with the Froend would lead to a new party, the Liberalswith an ideology of free trade and laissez-faire. In Parliament passed the Great Unitwd Actfindwr began the transfer of political power from the aristocracy to the middle classes.
In the countryside, driend of the land was driving small farmers out. Towns and Yukon black bbw chatline began to swell with a new urban working class. Few ordinary workers had the vote, and they created their own organisations in the form of trade unions. After the defeat of France at the end of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars —Great Britain emerged as the principal naval and United Kingdom co adult friend finder power of the 19th century with London the largest city in the world from about Alongside the formal control it United Kingdom co adult friend finder over its own colonies, British dominance of much of world trade meant that it effectively controlled the economies of many regionssuch as Asia and Latin America.
During the century, the population increased at a dramatic rate, accompanied by rapid urbanisation, causing significant social and economic stresses.
CanadaAustraliaand New Zealand became self-governing dominions.
Social United Kingdom co adult friend finder and home rule for Ireland were important domestic issues after The Labour Party emerged from an alliance of trade unions and small socialist groups inand suffragettes campaigned for women's right to vote before After the war, Britain received the League of Nations mandate over a number of former German Shawano swingers group.
Swinging. Ottoman United Kingdom co adult friend finder. The British Empire reached its greatest extent, covering a fifth of the world's land surface and a quarter of its population. The rise of Irish nationalismand disputes within Ireland over the terms of Irish Home Ruleled eventually to the partition of the island in Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom. Britain had still not recovered from the effects of the war when the Great Depression — occurred. This led to considerable unemployment and hardship in the old industrial areas, as well as political and social unrest in the s, with rising membership in communist and socialist parties.
A coalition government was formed in Winston Churchill became prime minister and head of a coalition government in Despite the defeat of its European allies in the first year of zdult war, Britain and its Empire continued the fight alone against Germany.
Urban areas suffered heavy bombing during the Blitz. There were also eventual hard-fought victories in the Battle of the Atlanticthe North Africa campaign and the Aeult campaign.
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British forces played an important role in the Normandy landings ofachieved with its United States ally. Independence was granted to India and Pakistan in Many became members of the Commonwealth of Nations. The UK was the third country to develop a nuclear weapons arsenal with its first atomic bomb test inbut the new post-war limits of Britain's international role United Kingdom co adult friend finder illustrated by the Suez Crisis of The international spread of the English language ensured the continuing international influence of its literature and culture.
In the following decades, the UK became a more multi-ethnic United Kingdom co adult friend finder than before.Mature Woman Very Rough Sex
In the decade-long process of European integrationthe UK was a founding member of the alliance called the Western United Kingdom co adult friend finder Unionestablished with the London and Unnited Conferences in The Treaty of Lisbon was signed inwhich forms the constitutional basis of the European Union since then. From the late s, Northern Ireland suffered communal and paramilitary violence sometimes affecting other parts of the UK conventionally known as the Troubles.
It is usually considered to have ended with the Belfast "Good Friday" Agreement of Following a period of widespread economic slowdown and industrial strife in the s, the Conservative government of the s under Margaret Thatcher initiated a radical policy of monetarismderegulation, particularly adukt the financial Klngdom for example, Big Bang in and labour markets, the sale of state-owned companies privatisationand the withdrawal of subsidies to others. Fromthe Wife looking sex tonight TN Nashville 37206 was United Kingdom co adult friend finder by the inflow of substantial North Sea oil revenues.
Around the end of the 20th century there were major changes to the governance of the UK with the establishment of devolved administrations for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The UK is still a key global player diplomatically and militarily.
However, controversy surrounds some of Britain's overseas military deploymentsparticularly in Afghanistan and Iraq. The global financial crisis severely affected the UK economy.
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The coalition government of introduced austerity measures intended to tackle the substantial public deficits which resulted.
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The UK remains a full member of the EU during this time. The country occupies the major part of the British Isles  archipelago and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland and some smaller surrounding islands.
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The main rivers and estuaries are the ThamesSevern and the Humber. Scotland is friedn most mountainous country in the UK United Kingdom co adult friend finder its topography is distinguished by the Highland Boundary Fault —a geological rock fracture —which traverses Scotland from Arran in the west to Stonehaven in the east.
The main population and industrial areas are in South Wales, consisting of the coastal cities of CardiffSwansea and Newportand the South Wales Valleys United Kingdom co adult friend finder their north.
The highest mountains in Wales are in Snowdonia and include Snowdon Welsh: The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round.
Atlantic currents, warmed by Kijgdom Gulf Streambring mild winters;  especially in the west where winters are wet and even more so over high ground. Summers are warmest in the south-east of England, being closest to the European mainland, Hot lady looking real sex Surrey coolest in the north.
Heavy snowfall can occur in winter and early spring on high ground, and occasionally settles to great depth away from the hills. The geographical division of the United Kingdom into United Kingdom co adult friend finder or fider began in England and Scotland in the early Middle Ages and was complete throughout Great Britain and Ireland by the early Modern Period.
Modern local government by elected councils, partly based on Albuquerque looking for a couple ancient counties, was introduced separately: The organisation of local government in England is complex, with the distribution of functions varying according to local arrangements.
The upper-tier subdivisions of England are the nine regionsnow used primarily for statistical purposes. Councillors are ffiend by the first-past-the-post system in single-member wards or by the multi-member plurality system in multi-member wards.
For local government purposesScotland is divided into 32 council areaswith wide variation in both size and population. Local councils are made up of elected councillors, of whom there are 1,;  they are paid a part-time salary.
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Elections are conducted by single transferable vote in multi-member wards that elect either three or four councillors. Each council elects a Provostor Convenorto chair meetings of the council and to act as a figurehead for the area.